Sunday, December 19, 2010

The Potential Golf Course Pitfalls

The golf course can have a variety of potential pitfalls in place. Golf course designers make use of a few traps for golf balls that will likely increase golf scores should they be landed in. These are a few of the potential golf course pitfalls that golf courses likely will and could include.


To begin with the sand bunkers, which are the most prevalent golf course pitfall that are included on golf courses. Sand bunkers are included on almost every hole of the course, and can come in various sizes and depth. There are really two types of bunkers, those of the green-side bunkers and fairway bunkers. The difference lies in their relative position on the golf hole, with the green-side bunkers located around the greens, and fairway bunkers which are located along the fairway. These bunkers are strategically placed by course designers, and while smaller shallower bunkers are a relatively minor pitfall, deep bunkers can be harder to escape from smoothly. Even if you do not land in a bunker, it may be that a bunker can prevent a chip to the green and require an alternative approach. For sand bunkers, there are sand wedges which are clubs specifically designed to assist with escaping the bunkers.


The water pitfall is one that is included with lakes, ponds, and creeks included on the golf course. These are not included on every golf course, however on those that do have water and lakes can be one of the biggest golf course pitfalls. This is because if a ball lands in a lake or creek then it is more than likely that it will be gone, and you will likely have to drop ball and add a stroke to the score-card. If a ball lands in very shallow water then it may be possible to avoid the penalty, but this is less than likely. As such, water and lakes is something to aim well clear off, even if that means a shorter distance shot.

Trees can come in various shapes and sizes, and all golf courses will surely have trees on a few holes. Most will surround the golf hole, meaning that any shot that strays some way left or right of the fairway could end up landing close to the trees. In such an event, if a ball lands very close to a tree trunk then this could prevent a standard swing, and in the worst cases make the ball unplayable. As such, the trees are very much something that golfers need to take into account.


Like trees, most golf courses will have at least a few bushes surrounding the holes. Golf holes that have many surrounding bushes can be higher scoring holes with balls lost in the bushes. If a ball lands in a bush, then almost certainly it will be unplayable, even if found. Even if a ball lands close to a bush, then this could still have an impact on the swing. So bushes are in some ways comparable to water pitfalls, in that you can expect that if your balls land in them they will be lost and result in a penalty stroke.

Rough grass:

Rough grass is really longer grass than surrounds the fairway or green. Overall, the rough can be short rough, or longer rough. Overall, in most cases if a ball lands in the rough then it will likely still be playable. However, it may require a number of potential adjustments in terms of club selection and swing

Overall, these are the most standard golf course pitfalls that will be included on the golf course. Bunkers, the rough, lakes and creeks, bushes, and trees are all potential pitfalls on golf courses and holes. Such golf course pitfalls could all potentially inflate golf scoring.

Sunday, December 05, 2010

Golf during the off-season

November means the golf season is all but over. However, that does not mean that all golf courses close, and so golfing can continue during the off-season. So, why not?

Certainly, the climate will drop a few degrees as winter sets in. Still, in certain parts of the US you can certainly expect mild climates to remain in those southern US states such as Florida, Arizona etc. Beyond winter, as spring emerges you can expect milder climates still before the golf season really begins.

However, playing golf in colder weather may still require warmer clothing. A good golf jumper should be okay. In addition to this, vests, gloves, and woolly hats are recommended. In addition to this, a thermos flask with tea or cocoa will also be worth taking onto the golf course.

You can also expect that golf course conditions will likely be wetter. That is to say, with annual precipitation greater beyond summer and during the winter months. If the weather is colder still, frost can also make golf courses damp. Damp golf courses will mean that the ball will not roll as far, and so in this respect less distance. For putting, putts can be under-hit and missed on damp greens.

The chances of downpours may also be greater off-season. In this respect, if it starts to rain heavily you might have to abandon the course. Take an umbrella out onto the golf course, and as a rule: do not play if overhead clouds are very grey.

Despite this, there are a few advantages to playing golf during the off-season. Some golf courses may reduce rates during the off-peak periods. As such, off-season golf can be a more cost-effective option.

During the off-season golf courses you can expect the golf courses to be more empty. Emptier golf courses means that you can play round the course more quickly. Alternatively, quite the opposite if no golfers are behind the requirements to reduce slow play are less. So overall, golf courses will be easier to get on to.

Still, if you must not play on a golf course during the off-season, then ranges are a better alternative. Whether it's pouring or not, golf ranges will be open. As such, this can be the next best thing to playing on course.

So, playing golf in the off-season has its advantages and disadvantages. For sure, weather conditions can vary, and golf courses will certainly be wetter during the off-season. However, during the early spring you can expect more sunshine, and potential discounts during the off-season

Thursday, September 09, 2010

Golf tips for Par 3 holes

Par 3 golf holes are the smallest golf holes on the golf course. Their distance ranges from a typical distance of 100-200 yards though some may be a little longer still. Here are a few tips for playing these holes.

Typically, club selection is the first consideration. Overall, playing par three holes requires more careful club selection in relation to distance. Either too long or short could leave you in rough grass, or sand bunkers. On these holes, usually iron clubs are appropriate. For a longer par 3 hole perhaps a 4 or 5 iron, and then on shorter par 3 holes an 8 or 9 iron will likely be appropriate. Be careful not to over-hit on shorter holes.

Tee off from an appropriate spot off the tee box. Remember that you can tee up either left or right. Tee up on a side of the box that is seemingly best placed for a shot towards the flag. This could be the left, right or center. If there are more bunkers on the right of the green, then perhaps consider teeing up from the left side of the box.

On par 3 holes, you can likely reach the green from the tee. Aim for the flag, or alternatively if there is some fairway included on the hole then you might aim just short of the green and be on the fairway.

If you do indeed land on the green then you can reach for the putter. However, if not then you will need to reach for a shorter club for a chip shot or pitch onto the green. Shorter iron clubs such as the eight or nine iron will be best for chipping while the wedges are best for pitching. If possible, avoid pitching and chip onto the green as the chip shot is more accurate. Alternatively, you may even be able to putt onto the green if you are close to it and on shorter grass.

If the ball lands in green-side bunker, then you will need the sand wedge. For a bunker shot, you will need to make sure that you do not touch the sand with club before the shot. Open the club-head and grip the club a little lighter for bunker shots. Finally, you need to hit about one or two inches before the ball.

When you are on the green you can reach for the putter. Most likely, you will need a longer lag putt to get the ball closer to the hole, if beyond 10 feet. However, if you are close enough for a shorter putt towards the hole then you may be able to putt in one. Try not to under-hit any putts, but have them go a little beyond the hole. While an over-hit putt can go in the hole, an under-hit putt will not.

Remember that a ball can also be lifted and cleaned on the green if needed. A ball may have mud on it and then should be lifted and cleaned. Use a ball marker, and make sure you put the ball back where it was!

Therefore, those are a few tips for playing par three holes. Off the tee, and then on and around the green in relation to shorter play, appropriate club selection can make the difference.

Tuesday, August 31, 2010

Winter golf tips

When the autumn passes and winter begins, the golf season may be over but golf courses remain open. Whether you play in the winter or not is really a matter for preference. Certainly, it may be a little colder but then so long as it remains dry that may be fine.

As it may seem obvious, for winter golf you should consider more clothing. At least a good jumper will be required. However, try to avoid playing in coat for this is not ideal. Also, bring a suitable hat for the course. You may also consider another glove, or winter gloves.

Golf shoes are also good for the winter. They have a solid grip, and can also be waterproof if the golf course is wet. So, do consider these as well.

In addition to the extra clothing, a warm drink flask can also be good to have on the golf course. Consider taking hot cocoa, tea, or something along those lines.

At any rate, you have to draw a line at some point and if it is very cold then you should consider not playing golf. If it is icy, then reconsider playing a round. If it is snowing, the chances are that the golf course could be closed.

When on the golf course, you should consider using slightly longer clubs in the winter for more distance. For example, consider using slightly lower irons on the golf course like the five or six iron. Possibly even a four or five iron for longer distance shots. Equally, longer wood clubs such as the three wood for tee shots, will also be better.

Alternatively, if there are a few alternative tee markers around the tee box, then consider playing from a shorter distance tee marker in the winter. For example, the red tees can be more suitable and will reduce some playing distance further.

If the winter winds blow then that could send your ball beyond the fairways or greens. To better avoid the wind it is recommended that less lofted clubs be used on the golf course. Consider using longer iron clubs than usual for a tee shot, or alternatively fairway shots. For the shorter game, chip shots are better to use around the green than pitch shots in such conditions. With pitch shots, you can use less lofted wedges.

So overall, golf in the winter can be fine. Just consider these tips, and do not play if it is very cold.

Monday, August 23, 2010

The Best Golf Clubs for the Short Game

The golf short game is an essential part of golf. As such, there are a number of specifically designed clubs for the short game, as well as other shorter clubs that can be used for putting, chipping, and pitching around the green.

To begin with, obviously putting is the short game that usually requires most shots. Obviously, the putter is perhaps the most unique golf club designed specifically for putting. However, putters can be in various shapes and sizes, and it's difficult to say if there is best putter to use on or around the green. However, the toe-and-heel golf putter is the most traditional and is most dominant in the professional game. As such, these are perhaps good putters to consider for putting.

Aside from the putter, the sand wedge is another short club you will find have to take onto the golf course for bunker play. The sand wedge is a specifically designed club for splash and explosion shots out of green-side bunkers and onto the green. However, as will soon be noted the sand wedge can also be used for alternative short play.

It is chipping onto the green that has the most flexibility for golf club selection. Which are the best golf clubs for chipping? Well really, that depends on how far you want the chip shot to go. The seven iron is a fairly standard golf club for chipping, that will give small loft as well as a good amount of role for chips 20-30 yards off from the flag. The mid-irons are most suitable for longer distance chip shots, and then shorter irons such as the eight or nine are more appropriate for slightly shorter distance chips.

However, for short distance chipping such as out of the rough for example, then the wedges such as the sand wedge can be good clubs to use. The wedges provide a good amount of loft to get the ball out of the grass, and then the chips will not role that much when they land on the green. As such, for chips of less than 15 yards they can be suitable. It should be noted that if you are on the fairway not far off the flag perhaps consider using a putter, or the Texas Wedge, to putt towards the flag.

Chipping aside, pitching will require the shortest golf clubs overall. While pitching can cover slightly longer distances perhaps over 50 yards, they are very lofted and so require the more lofted golf clubs. As such, the more lofted golf clubs are the wedges which are also the shortest overall. Golf clubs such as the sand, pitching and lob wedges are most suitable for the pitch shot, with the lob wedge providing the most amount of loft. They can also be good clubs for playing out of longer grass, or the rough.

So really, the best golf clubs for the short game are the shortest clubs! This may seem obvious, and includes the putter along with wedges such as the sand, pitching or lob wedge for either pitching, chipping or bunker play. In addition, the short to mid iron clubs nine down to seven irons are also good for chipping. So, a good variety of wedges are best for short play as well as shorter iron clubs.

Monday, August 16, 2010

Recommended nine-hole golf courses

Nine-hole golf courses can be small wonders. They are becoming rarer, with the 18-hole golf courses the standard; however you can still find some nine-hole golf course gems. Here are a few great nine-holes worth considering for a round.

The Dunes golf course in New Buffalo is one that is worth considering and is ranked amongst the best nine-hole golf courses in the States. Such is the calibre of this course, it is compared with the likes of Pine Valley. This exclusive golf course, has a nine scenic and equally diverse golf holes. With a variety of tee positions to play from, the same holes can be played from different spots so the course is flexible. The greens of this course are smooth and slick, so be careful with putting. Overall, the course has a few great holes, with signature holes such as the eighth.

Aside from the Dunes golf course, Crow's Nest in England is another fine nine-hole golf course. Set in 70 acres of scenic parkland, the course stands 450ft above sea-level and is sheltered by trees allowing for play in most months. Like the Dunes course, it also has alternative tees for each of the nine-holes. Euro pro tour member Chris Hanson said of Crow Nest:

The best nine-hole golf course in England.

Northwood golf course is a redwood beauty with a Mackenzie challenge. Designed by course architect Mackenzie, this nine-hole golf course dates back to 1928 and today remains a scenic golf course open to the public. The course has undulating fairways and contour greens set in the redwoods of Northwood. When it comes to holes, the ninth is the signature hole for the course and the longest at 532 yards, with trees on either side of the fairway.

Birchwood country golf course is a also a top rated nine hole golf course. Located in a scenic setting, the course has tree-lined fairways which are well groomed. The greens are also silky smooth, with velvet grass. The course also includes some water and creeks that come into play on certain holes.

Overall, these nine-hole golf courses are recommended. Courses such Dunes golf course, Crow's Nest, Northwood golf course, and Birchwood are great nine-hole courses that can make for a fine short round.

Sources: -courses/2010-02/nine-hole-cou rses-whitten?currentPage=1

Monday, August 09, 2010

How to find your lost golf ball

You can lose your golf balls in a variety golf course pitfalls. Hedges are the most likely way to lose a ball, but then they can also land in the water, or end up in long grass where you may not be able to find the ball. However, golf balls can be found in most cases unless they have gone way out into the water or trees. So, no ball is ever lost until you reach for another golf ball.

The first thing is to make sure you that you are fairly clear where the golf ball may have landed. If you have a caddie, or a playing partner at least, then they can keep a good eye on the shots and where they land. If you are not sure, ask your playing partner where the golf ball may have landed. Most likely, he will then be able to assist with this.

Hereafter, you need to head towards the expected point of landing. When you reach this point it is important to note if anybody is behind you on the hole. This is because you may slow play down when searching for a seemingly lost golf ball. As such, invite any players right behind you on the same hole to play through.

When you have done this, then you can begin to search for the golf ball. Look around the area where you and your playing partner feel the golf ball landed. It should have landed somewhere within 10-20 yards of this spot. Do not start looking beyond the point you expect the golf ball landed, as it is most probably lost.

If your ball heads towards a water lake, you may be unsure if the ball actually landed in the lake or just escaped. Under such circumstances, if you feel that a golf ball could be lost but are not sure then consider taking a provisional shot. Do this and if you find the golf ball then the provisional shot will not count on your score.

Aside from this, it is important to note that you should not take too long searching for a golf ball. The R&A decree that searching for the golf ball should be about 5 minutes in duration. As such, if you do not find the ball after 5 minutes of searching then you may have to acknowledge that the ball is lost.

You also need to be clear of the sort of golf ball it is. Golf balls have a golf logo on them such as Callaway and Titleist, and so when you do find a ball you expect is your own you can identify the golf logo. Alternatively, you may want to add your initials to the ball with black pen just to make it extra clear that it is your golf ball and not another golfers.

So hopefully, you will not lose too many golf balls. Having a caddie at hand will help in finding lost golf balls, and remember that you should not spend too long searching for golf balls. If you do lose a ball then you will just have to re-take and add a penalty to your score. Always take a few golf balls out onto the course, as even the best players might still lose a ball.

Wednesday, August 04, 2010

The appeal of nine-hole golf courses

Today, 18-hole golf courses may be something of a standard for golf courses. Indeed, golf's great championships are played on such courses. As such, the nine-hole golf course has become somewhat overshadowed by its larger 18-hole counterpart. However, in the amateur game nine-hole golf courses are still good alternatives that can provide all the thrills and spills of 18-hole golf courses.

The first nine-hole golf courses date back to the 19th century. In Scotland, the nine-hole Cupar's Golf Club was founded in November of 1855. As such, it is considered the oldest nine-hole golf course in the sport's history. Today, the nine-hole golf course remains and has some of the best views in the whole of Fife. Admittedly, at 2608 yards it is not especially big even for a nine-hole course, but it still has some varied and exciting holes.

In America, the Chicago Golf Club was founded in 1892 by Blair Macdonald who was a great pioneer of golf in America. Mr Macdonald soon had a nine-hole golf course constructed as Downer's Grove Golf course. As such, aside from being the first nine-hole golf course in America, it was also America's first golf course west of the Allegheny mountain range. This course was then expanded to an 18-hole golf course in 1893.

So, golf in America has much to thank these nine-hole golf courses which helped establish the game in the US. However, they should not be considered just relics of the past. Today, there are many more nine-hole golf courses that golfers can and should play on. Some notable nine-hole golf courses include the likes of the Dunes Club in New Buffalo, a great but private course, Doral Arrow golf course, and Crow's Nest course which is regarded as one of the finest nine-hole courses.

Nine-hole golf courses like these are small wonders. They offer fantastic but affordable golf at a fraction of larger 18-hole course fees. Indeed, on average due to the fewer holes played nine-hole courses are a budget alternative to larger 18-hole golf courses.

Another advantage of nine-hole golf courses is indeed that they are shorter. As such, for casual golfers looking for a quick, or at least a quicker, round nine-hole golf courses can be much more suitable. Nine-holes will likely take half the time of an alternative 18-hole golf course. Golfers new to the sport may also prefer to start playing on the nine-hole courses, before stepping up onto larger ones.

Overall, architecturally the nine-hole golf courses are pretty much the same as 18-hole courses. Quite a few can be more authentic older golf courses such as Granada golf course in Coral Cables, which dates back to 1925. So, courses such as these may retain older layouts. Generally, you can expect that nine-hole golf courses will have quite a few par 3 holes, and fewer par 5s.

So really, nine-hole golf courses retain all the fun of the game. They are shorter, and some are older, golf courses but can be equally challenging as 18-hole courses and there are some great nine-hole golf courses to play on.

Monday, August 02, 2010

Goodbonusguide for Sportsbook websites

Are you looking for some on-line casinos or good sportsbook/ bookmaker website?  If so, then it is well worth considering paying a visit to

Essentially, is a website that provides a comprehensive listing and reviews of gambling sites.  The website has a sportsbook review section with a number of reviews for sportsbook websites.  These reviews have variety of details of the sort of promotions and sports betting bonuses each website has.

To assist with searching, the website also has sportsbook bonus search which has a number of search options by a variety of features.  With it, you can find an ideal sportsbook website.

So, the Goodbonusguide can assist with finding a good sportsbook.  For further details, the above links link to the website.

Wednesday, April 07, 2010

Golf tips for Par 4 holes

Par 4 holes, need 4 strokes for par; they can range in distance from 250 yards up to a potential 500 yards. As such, there can be quite a big difference in distance from the largest to the shortest. Careful club selection and some strategy may come into play on these holes.

To begin with, off the tee you need to aim for a good spot on the fairway, that will leave a better approach shot to the green. Of course, you might just be tempted to use the longest club in your bag, but if the fairway is smaller then some accuracy may be needed. Opt for a shorter wood or iron if greater accuracy is needed as opposed to distance. For example, a 4 wood or even 7 wood on a par 4 may be appropriate.

After making this first tee shot, then hopefully a shot to the green will be required. It may be the case that a lay up could be needed. If you are not well placed to shoot for the green, consider a shot for better position. Of course, if you end up in the longer grass then a pitch shot might be needed onto the fairway.

The shot towards the green could likely involve a number of possible clubs as dependent on distance. For a longer shot, then a fairway wood or shorter iron like 6, 5 or even 4 would be suitable. Alternatively, if it is a shorter shot then maybe a shorter iron like an 8 or 9 iron. A very short shot to the green of less than 75 yards might only need a pitch shot. However, unless you can hit the ball far on most pars 4s you will probably fall a little longer.

A word of caution, if the flag happens to be close to a bunker then aim more away from the bunker. It is the safer shot, which is usually the better shot.

  (Beware of fairway bunkers on par 4 holes)

At any rate, if you miss the green for some reason, a chip or pitch should be enough to get onto it. Chips from within 50 yards are possible, but also consider using a putter if you are close enough to the flag. A pitch to the green will be better from the longer grass.

When you are on the green, a longer lag putt may be required first, then a shorter putt into the hole to finish the hole. Be wary of the slope of the green, and you can clean the ball before a putt by using a ball marker.

Overall, playing a par 4 will for most be more like playing a par 5 (even shorter holes). You cannot really go for the green from off the tee on a 350-yard par 4. So, appropriate club selection will ensure better scoring.

Friday, March 05, 2010

Golf Websites

There are some good golf websites available. For me, the official golf websites are well worth visiting. Here are a few that are recommended.

PGA of America

Let us start with the PGA of America website. This pro golfers web-site has excellent resources and presentation. From golf tips, to golf travel as well as coverage of the professional game. The website also includes a number of video clips and equipment guide.

St Andrews Links

This is the websites of the St Andrews Links. It has good presentation, and a variety of details relating to St Andrews Links. Included on the website is a picture gallery of the courses, including wallpaper and screen-saver. Also included is accommodation of the town, and details of other local sites of St Andrews.

This is a general golf site. It covers most areas, including golf tips, equipment guides, golf course details and course rankings as well as the pro game. also includes video.


This is the official site of the US Golf Association. While the site does include registration and membership, quite a lot is available without. The site includes guides on USGA championships, clubs and courses. In addition to this, the site also links to the USGA museum, which seemingly is another website.

USGA Museum

As mentioned, this is linked to on the USGA site. The USGA Museum site, provides details of the museum, and is also interactive. With good presentation, it includes a Hall of Champions, exhibits and artifacts of the museum, a photo gallery and film archive covering golfing heritage.

The Masters

The official site of the Masters is the best site for this most prestigious Major. Aside from the event, it provides an Augusta course guide with details on each of the 18 holes and landmarks. In addition, the site includes three golf related games, such as the putting game. This site also includes Master's records and stats. Overall, it has good presentation and content.

Overall, these are a few recommended golf sites. Official websites such as The Masters, St Andrews Links, along with PGA of America, PGAE of Europe, USGA and

Wednesday, February 24, 2010

Golf vacations in Europe

If you are keen on a golf vacation, then Europe has a good few destinations for these. Consider the likes of Spain, Portugal or the UK for a golf trip.

Indeed, the Iberian Peninsula is recommended. Here, Portugal and Lisboa provide a good vacation for golf. In fact, Lisboa has been regarded as the best in Europe for golf vacations.

Alternatively, consider the Western Algarve, and the Parque da Floresta Golf resort. Aside from a par 71 golf course, the resort also has spa and gym. In addition, the resort is well placed in the Algarve alongside beaches and villages. So, do consider some of the Floresta packages subject to availability.

The overall Mediterranean climate is better suited to golf. Likewise, its natural surroundings alongside beaches like the Cascais make Lisboa a good vacation spot.

In Spain, you cannot ignore the Costa del Sol. Or, should that be the Costa del Golf? For it is here, that some of Europe's best golf courses are. For example, the Valderamma golf course is one such.

The Marbella resort has some packages. For example, unlimited green fees on 18 & 9-hole golf courses at Marbella Club Golf a Spa resort. In addition to these golf courses you will find spa, and gourmet dining facilities.

Aside from Marbella, you may consider other Spanish courses. The PGA Catalunya is a 36-hole resort just off Barcelona. Here, it has two golf courses: the Tour and the Stadium. Overall, it has various current packages like the 2 tee and 3 PGA package. Both offer various green fees in addition with accommodation.

In Wales, the Marriott St Pierre Country Club has the championship Old Course. In addition, other facilities like Tennis, fitness club and pool are provided.

Alternatively, you might consider St Andrew's golf club. This historic course has hosted a number of championships, and there are other golf courses with modest fees. Aside from the golf, the British Golf Museum is worth a visit.

So overall, European golf vacations of the Iberian Peninsula and the United Kingdom are certainly worth noting. Beyond, the likes of France & Germany can also provide some possibilities for golf vacations. However, climates are better suited in those Mediterranean countries.

Monday, February 22, 2010

The Physics of Golf

The Physics of Golf, is a title that a popular book goes by on the subject. Theodore Jorensen's book provides players with a guide to how physics relates to the game. Ultimately, it relates to the ball & club design, ball trajectory (or flight) and swing dynamics.

Looking at the swing itself first which is a great example of angular motion. Here, study of the swing has pointed to some sound swing principles that allow for better shots. Ultimately, club head velocity (speed) will determine a good amount of the distance. For, with greater velocity, greater kinetic energy will be transferred to the ball. Little wonder that golf pros with 100-mph swings can get the ball further than players who have slower swing speeds. Ultimately, the formula: distance = mass x acceleration, is a good summary.

The angle by which the club strikes the ball can also have an important effect. Some research carried out has suggested that there is also an optimum lie angle between club shaft and face for ball striking, relating to club head speed.

Another issue relates to ball contact itself. Optimum club head contact with the ball will also allow for greater distance. This is sometimes referred to as the sweet spot of the club, and is actually a central point where ball contact is ideal. Striking the ball on this spot will transfer best into a longer, and more accurate shot, due to greater backspin imparted on the ball.

In addition, there we have that key term known as backspin. Without it, the ball will not go very far! Ultimately, backspin allows the ball to gain loft and stay longer in the air. At any rate, different backspin applied to the ball, will indeed, translate to different ball trajectory. For example, with insufficient backspin it will drop sooner, and not go so far. Ultimately, backspin relates to ball aerodynamics.

Moreover, with that, you cannot ignore the design of the ball itself. Today, golf ball design is dimpled.  As such, a dimpled ball will travel a good deal further than a smooth one. This is because the ball dimples create turbulence, which prevents air pressure behind the ball from dropping.  So better golf balls can give players an advantage.

Golf clubs also have more advanced designs too. Their lighter-weight shafts, such as graphite, can allow for faster swings, and those long distance clubs do tend to have big club heads. Remember the part of mass in the distance formula?

In fact, the USPGA (United States Professional Golf Association) now give guidelines on golf ball as well as club design. Simply because, while the study of physics has greatly enhanced the design of clubs, it must remain the case that one club does not provide too much of a disparity over another club. As such, things like balls have a distance measurement.

Overall, golf physics make an interesting study for any golfer. For more on the subject, Jorenson's book could be well worth a look.